G (2000-2009)

*older Articles in Pre-2000 List

GASTRIC ULCERS
GATEWAY THEORY*
GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES*
GERD / GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX (See Also BOWEL DISORDERS)
GLAUCOMA* (See Also VISION)
GOUT
GRANULOMA
GRAVE’S DISEASE (Overactive Thyroid)
GYNECOLOGY / FEMALE SEXUAL FUNCTION*


GASTRIC ULCERS
Cannabinoid CB1-mediated inhibition of stress-induced gastric ulcers in rats (abst–2000) http://www.springerlink.com/content/w3jc8rk16k9p92fl/
Cannabinoids and the digestive tract (abst–2005) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16596788
Cannabinoids in acute gastric damage and pancreatitis (full–2006) http://www.jpp.krakow.pl/journal/archive/11_06_s5/pdf/137_11_06_s5_article.pdf
ACEA (arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide), the selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist, protects against aspirin-induced gastric ulceration (abst–2006) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16649551
Cannabis Helps Ulcers And Crohn’s Disease (news–2006) http://www.thehempire.com/index.php/cannabis/news/cannabis_helps_ulcers_and_crohns_disease
Pharmacological analysis of cannabinoid-induced inhibition of gastric mucosal damage and gastric motility (abst–2007) https://www.thieme-connect.com/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/s-2007-982722
Involvement of nitric oxide in the gastroprotective effect of ACEA, a selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist, on aspirin-induced gastric ulceration (abst–2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19827302
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GATEWAY THEORY
The Myth of Marijuana’s Gateway Effect (news–undated) http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/library/mjgate.htm
Variation in youthful risks of progression from alcohol and tobacco to marijuana and to hard drugs across generations (full–2001) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1446541/pdf/11211630.pdf
Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol releases and facilitates the effects of endogenous enkephalins: reduction in morphine withdrawal syndrome without change in rewarding effect (abst–2001) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11359533
Reassessing the gateway effect (full–2002) http://www.ukcia.org/research/ReassessingGatewayEffect.pdf
Twin study fails to prove ‘gateway’ hypothesis (letter–2003) http://www.ukcia.org/research/EscalationOfDrugUse/TwinStudyFailsToProveGateway.html
Is cannabis a stepping-stone for cocaine? (abst–2003) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12842314
Endogenous cannabinoids are not involved in cocaine reinforcement (abst–2004) http://tinyurl.com/nqohsw
Predictors of Marijuana Use in Adolescents Before and After Licit Drug Use: Examination of the Gateway Hypothesis (full–2006) http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleid=97496
Study Questions Marijuana As Gateway Drug (news–2006) http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/study-says-marijuana-is-no
No ‘Smoking’ Gun: Research Indicates Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Predict Drug, Alcohol Abuse (news-2006) http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/12/061204123422.htm
Gateway To Nowhere? The Evidence That Pot Doesn’t Lead To Heroin (news–2006) http://www.thehempire.com/index.php/cannabis/news/gateway_to_nowhere_the_evidence_that_pot_doesnt_lead_to_heroin
Understanding the association between adolescent marijuana use and later serious drug use: gateway effect or developmental trajectory? (abst–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18423097
Study of 4000 indicates marijuana discourages use of hard drugs (news–2008) http://www.csdp.org/publicservice/medicalmj08.htm
Cannabidiol, a Nonpsychotropic Component of Cannabis, Inhibits Cue-Induced Heroin Seeking and Normalizes Discrete Mesolimbic Neuronal Disturbances (full–2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2829756/?tool=pmcentrez
Adolescent Exposure to Chronic Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Blocks Opiate Dependence in Maternally Deprived Rats (full–2009) http://www.nature.com/npp/journal/v34/n11/full/npp200970a.html
CLAIM #13:MARIJUANA IS A “GATEWAY” TO THE USE OF OTHER DRUGS (news-2009) http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_myth13.shtml
The Surprising Effect Of Marijuana On Morphine Dependence (news–2009) http://www.physorg.com/news166196260.html
Active Ingredient In Cannabis Eliminates Morphine Dependence In Rats (news-2009) http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090706090440.htm
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GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES
Hemp = Hormonal Balance (ad/article–undated) http://manitobaharvest.com/articles_studies/3815/Women-Find-Healthy-Hormone-Balance-with-Hemp.html
Sex steroid influence on cannabinoid CB(1) receptor mRNA and endocannabinoid levels in the anterior pituitary gland (abst–2000) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10733937
How might cannabinoids influence sexual behavior? (full–2001) http://www.pnas.org/content/98/3/793.full?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=cannabinoid&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=880&resourcetype=HWCIT
Sex Differences in Antinociceptive and Motoric Effects of Cannabinoids (abst–2001) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11698061
Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000 (abst–2003) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12534428
Cb(1) Receptor Mediation of Cannabinoid Behavioral Effects in Male and Female Rats (abst-2004) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14991224
Sex differences in the cannabinoid modulation of an A-type K+ current in neurons of the mammalian hypothalamus (full–2005) http://jn.physiology.org/content/94/4/2983.long
Waterborne lead exposure affects brain endocannabinoid content in male but not female fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) (abst–2005) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15527869
Biochemical Changes in Endocannabinoid System are Expressed in Platelets of Female but not Male Migraineurs (abst–2006) http://cep.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/26/3/277?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=cannabinoid&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=1200&resourcetype=HWCIT
Cannabis reward: biased towards the fairer sex? (full–2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2190004/
Cannabinoid self-administration in rats: sex differences and the influence of ovarian function (full-2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2190022/
Endocannabinoids Mediate the Effects of Acute Stress and Corticosterone on Sex Behavior (full–2007) http://endo.endojournals.org/content/148/2/493.full
Novel epidemiology in lung cancer – non-smokers, women and cannabis (abst–2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18235388
Neuronal and glial alterations in the cerebellar cortex of maternally deprived rats: gender differences and modulatory effects of two inhibitors of endocannabinoid inactivation (full–2008) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/dneu.20672/pdf
Gender-dependent cellular and biochemical effects of maternal deprivation on the hippocampus of neonatal rats: a possible role for the endocannabinoid system (full–2008) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/dneu.20666/pdf
Driving under the influence of cannabis: a 10-year study of age and gender differences in the concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol in blood (abst–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18190663
Gender-dependent increases with healthy aging of the human cerebral cannabinoid-type 1 receptor binding using [(18)F]MK-9470 PET (abst–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18077184
Differential response to a selective cannabinoid receptor antagonist (SR141716: rimonabant) in female mice from lines selectively bred for high voluntary wheel-running behaviour (abst–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19020416
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Male-female differences in the effects of cannabinoids on sexual behavior and gonadal hormone function (abst-2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19733173
Protracted cannabinoid administration elicits antidepressant behavioral responses in rats: role of gender and noradrenergic transmission (abst–2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19414024
Sex differences in the cannabinoid regulation of energy homeostasis (abst–2009) http://www.psyneuen-journal.com/article/S0306-4530%2809%2900123-1/abstract
Female sex, but not male sex, better with cannabis (news–2009) http://www.examiner.com/health-science-in-vancouver/female-sex-but-not-male-sex-better-with-cannabis


GERD / GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
Cannabinoid receptor agonism inhibits transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations and reflux in dogs (full–2002)
http://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085%2802%2900218-4/fulltext
Cannabinoid1 receptor in the dorsal vagal complex modulates lower oesophageal sphincter relaxation in ferrets (full–2003) http://jp.physoc.org/content/550/1/149.full
Cannabinoids for gastrointestinal diseases: potential therapeutic applications (abst-2003) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12517253
Involvement of cannabinoid receptors in gut motility and visceral perception (full-2004) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1574910/?tool=pmcentrez
The gastrointestinal pharmacology of cannabinoids: an update (abst–2004) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15525546
Cannabinoids and the digestive tract (abst–2005) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16596788
Endocannabinoids and the gastrointestinal tract: what are the key questions? (full-2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2190011/
Cannabinoid CB(2) receptor activation prevents bronchoconstriction and airway oedema in a model of gastro-oesophageal reflux (abst–2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17643417
Effect of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, a cannabinoid receptor agonist, on the triggering of transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations in dogs and humans (full–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2697772/?tool=pmcentrez
Emerging role of cannabinoids in gastrointestinal and liver diseases: basic and clinical aspects (abst–2008) http://gut.bmj.com/content/57/8/1140.abstract


GLAUCOMA
Involvement of Cannabinoid Receptors in the Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of WIN55212-2 (full-2000) http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/292/1/136.long
A submicron emulsion of HU-211, a synthetic cannabinoid, reduces intraocular pressure in rabbits (abst–2000) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10853933
The synthetic cannabinoid WIN55212-2 decreases the intraocular pressure in human glaucoma resistant to conventional therapies (abst–2001) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11168547
Therapeutic aspects of cannabis and cannabinoids (full–2001) http://bjp.rcpsych.org/cgi/content/full/178/2/107
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Chronic Cannabis Use in the Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program (abstract & comments-2002) http://www.letfreedomgrow.com/cmu/chronic_cannabis_use.htm
Chronic Cannabis Use in the Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program: An Examination of Benefits and Adverse Effects of Legal Clinical Cannabis (full–2002) http://proxy.baremetal.com/cannabiscoalition.ca/chronic.pdf
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the treatment of end-stage open-angle glaucoma (full–2002) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1358964/pdf/12545695.pdf/?tool=pmcentrez
Comparison of the enzymatic stability and intraocular pressure effects of 2-arachidonylglycerol and noladin ether, a novel putative endocannabinoid (full–2002) http://www.iovs.org/content/43/10/3216.full
Effect of WIN 55212-2, a Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist, on Aqueous Humor Dynamics in Monkeys (full–2003) http://archopht.amaassn.org/cgi/content/full/121/1/87?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=marihuana&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=640&resourcetype=HWCIT
Cannabinoids and glaucoma (full–2004) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1772142/?tool=pmcentrez
CB2 cannabinoid receptors in trabecular meshwork cells mediate JWH015-induced enhancement of aqueous humor outflow facility (full–2005) http://www.iovs.org/content/46/6/1988.long
Finding of endocannabinoids in human eye tissues: implications for glaucoma (abst–2005) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15823551
Noladin ether acts on trabecular meshwork cannabinoid (CB1) receptors to enhance aqueous humor outflow facility (full–2006) http://www.iovs.org/content/47/5/1999.long
R(+)-methanandamide and other cannabinoids induce the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and matrix metalloproteinases in human nonpigmented ciliary epithelial cells (full–2006) http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/316/3/1219.long
Cannabinoids In Medicine: A Review Of Their Therapeutic Potential (full–2006) http://www.doctordeluca.com/Library/WOD/WPS3-MedMj/CannabinoidsMedMetaAnalysis06.pdf
Effect of Sublingual Application of Cannabinoids on Intraocular Pressure (abst–2006) http://www.cannabis-med.org/studies/ww_en_db_study_show.php?s_id=201
Involvement of the Endocannabinoid System in Retinal Damage after High Intraocular Pressure–Induced Ischemia in Rats (full–2007) http://tinyurl.com/zcqfbq7
Neuroprotective and Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of (-)Delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol in a Rat Model of Glaucoma (abst–2007) http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/17284931/abstract/Neuroprotective_and_Intraocular_Pressure_Lowering_Effects_of____Delta_Tetrahydrocannabinol_in_a_Rat_Model_of_Glaucoma
Additive Effects of Timolol and Cannabinoids on Intraocular Pressure in a Rat Glaucoma Model (abst–2007) http://abstracts.iovs.org/cgi/content/abstract/48/5/4807?maxtoshow=&hits=80&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=cannabinoid&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=560&resourcetype=HWCIT
Dronabinol and retinal hemodynamics in humans (abst–2007) http://www.cannabis-med.org/studies/ww_en_db_study_show.php?s_id=202
N-arachidonylethanolamide-Induced Increase in Aqueous Humor Outflow Facility (full-2008) http://www.iovs.org/cgi/content/full/49/10/4528
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Mediation of Cannabidiol Anti-inflammation in the Retina by Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter and A2A Adenosine Receptor (full–2008) http://www.iovs.org/content/49/12/5526.full
Topical WIN55212-2 Alleviates Intraocular Hypertension in Rats Through a CB1 Receptor-Mediated Mechanism of Action (full–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2637200/?tool=pmcentrez
The role of endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes in the eye (abst–2008) http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/19195174/abstract/%5BThe_role_of_endocannabinoid_system_in_physiological_and_pathological_processes_in_the_eye%5D
Endocannabinoids in the retina: from marijuana to neuroprotection (full-2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2584875/
Potential roles of (endo)cannabinoids in the treatment of glaucoma: from intraocular pressure control to neuroprotection (full–2008) http://www.nature.com/cgt/journal/v15/n2/pdf/7701101a.pdf
SUPPORTING RESEARCH INTO THE THERAPEUTIC ROLE OF MARIJUANA (full–2008) https://www.acponline.org/acp_policy/policies/supporting_medmarijuana_2008.pdf
The role of endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes in the eye (abst-2008) http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/19195174/abstract/%5BThe_role_of_endocannabinoid_system_in_physiological_and_pathological_processes_in_the_eye%5D
Role of the cannabinoids in glaucoma (article–2009) http://www.oftalmo.com/seo/archivos/maquetas/8/3E3FF941-D9FB-6F89-02E1-00007B09B2A8/articulo.pdf
Medical Marijuana and Glaucoma (news–2009) https://www.marijuanadoctors.com/content/ailments/view/31?ailment=glaucoma


GOUT
A Novel Intervention for the Treatment of Gout in an Elderly Rehabilitation Patient in Whom Conventional Treatment was Ineffective (full–2004) http://www.medicine.virginia.edu/clinical/departments/physical-medicine-rehabilitation/Gout-page
Medical Marijuana and Arthropathy, gout (news–2009) https://www.marijuanadoctors.com/content/ailments/view/12?ailment=arthropathy-gout


GRANULOMA
Clinical and histological evaluation of an analogue of palmitoylethanolamide, PLR 120 (comicronized Palmidrol INN) in cats with eosinophilic granuloma and eosinophilic plaque: a pilot study (abst–2001) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11301536
Local administration of WIN 55,212-2 reduces chronic granuloma-associated angiogenesis in rat by inhibiting NF-kappaB activation (abst–2007) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17447045
Cannabinoids reduce granuloma-associated angiogenesis in rats by controlling transcription and expression of mast cell protease-5 (full–2008) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2518473/?tool=pubmed
Cannabinomimetic Control of Mast Cell Mediator Release: New Perspective in Chronic Inflammation (full–2008) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2826.2008.01674.x/full
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GRAVE’S DISEASE
Acute effects of endocannabinoid anandamide and CB1 receptor antagonist, AM251 in the regulation of thyrotropin secretion (full-2008) http://joe.endocrinology-journals.org/content/199/2/235.long
Medical Marijuana and Graves Disease (news–2009) https://www.marijuanadoctors.com/content/ailments/view/33?ailment=graves-disease


GYNECOLOGY / FEMALE SEXUAL FUNCTION
Post-Menopausal Hot Flashes by Anonymous (anecdotal–undated) http://www.rxmarijuana.com/shared_comments/menopause.htm
Hemp = Hormonal Balance (ad/article–undated) http://manitobaharvest.com/articles_studies/3815/Women-Find-Healthy-Hormone-Balance-with-Hemp.html
Menstrual cramps, morning sickness and labour pain (anecdotal–2001) http://www.ukcia.org/medical/showmedicaltestimony.php?articleid=12
Cannabis Treatments in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Historical Review (full-2002) http://www.cannabis-med.org/data/pdf/2002-03-04-1_0.pdf
Low fatty acid amide hydrolase and high anandamide levels are associated with failure to achieve an ongoing pregnancy after IVF and embryo transfer (full–2002) http://molehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/8/2/188.full
The endocannabinoid system: function in survival of the embryo, the newborn and the neuron (abst-2002) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12395075
N-Acylethanolamines in human reproductive fluids (abst–2002) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12505702
Mouse blastocysts release a lipid which activates anandamide hydrolase in intact uterus (full–2004) http://molehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/10/4/215.full
The endocrinological basis of recurrent miscarriages (abst–2005) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15976551
The impact of obesity on reproduction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (full–2006) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2006.00990.x/pdf
Jekyll and Hyde: Two Faces of Cannabinoid Signaling in Male and Female Fertility (full-2006) http://press.endocrine.org/doi/full/10.1210/er.2006-0006
Cannabinoids for postoperative analgesia? (letter–2007) http://www.researchgate.net/publication/6532952_Cannabinoids_for_postoperative_analgesia
Expression of the Endocannabinoid System in Human First Trimester Placenta and Its Role in Trophoblast Proliferation (full–2008) http://endo.endojournals.org/content/149/10/5052.full?sid=f5b14012-9fbe-4f10-890c-386313060cf8
Interplay between endocannabinoids, steroids and cytokines in the control of human reproduction (full-2008) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2826.2008.01684.x/full
Spatio-temporal expression patterns of anandamide-binding receptors in rat implantation sites: evidence for a role of the endocannabinoid system during the period of placental development (full–2009) http://www.rbej.com/content/7/1/121
Fluctuation in anandamide levels from ovulation to early pregnancy in in-vitro fertilization-embryo transfer women, and its hormonal regulation (full–2009) http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/8/1989.long
Endocannabinoids and reproductive biology (letter-2009) http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/7/1771.full.pdf+html
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Endocannabinoids: friends and foes of reproduction (abst–2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19602425
Endocannabinoids, sperm biology and human fertility (abst–2009) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19559363
Medical Marijuana and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) (news–2009) https://www.marijuanadoctors.com/content/ailments/view/156?ailment=premenstrual-syndrome-pms-
Female sex, but not male sex, better with cannabis (news–2009) http://www.examiner.com/health-science-in-vancouver/female-sex-but-not-male-sex-better-with-cannabis
Medical Marijuana and Endometriosis (news–2009) https://www.marijuanadoctors.com/content/ailments/view/136?ailment=endometriosis