CLICK HERE for Granny Storm Crow’s List – 2022 (Updating in process, thank you)                        

CLICK HERE for Granny Storm Crow’s Mini Dictionary (Updated 3 December, 2022) 


December, 2022

Well, folks, it’s been quite a year – inflation, Covid mutations, shortages, Monkey pox and all the craziness – political and otherwise. I’m still recovering mentally from being evacuated due to the huge fires we had this summer. So I’m still a bit in “disaster mode”, even though I was one of the very fortunate ones. Although we were in the mandatory evacuation zone, my home was not touched by the fire. During the evacuation, a dear friend, Ellen, put us up (and put up with us) until power was restored and the fires were under control. But many others were not as lucky.

As I went to volunteer at the local dispensary today, I passed through a whole neighborhood that is nothing but ashes and twisted metal where family homes once stood. A stark reminder of how fast things can change. So here’s a little common sense advice from me – always have a “go bag” ready with a couple changes of clothes, comfy shoes, any medications you need, a little address book with all your contacts, a few granola bars and some cash in small bills.

OK, let’s get down to business. I have made a huge change to my List. I’ve cut it back to (mostly) the studies and news articles dating from 2020 to 2022. The reasons for this are simple – for a start, keeping 7,000 pages of links updated is an impossible job for one old lady! The List’s sheer size was intimidating to some, and frankly, most people are interested in only the latest information. I did make an exception for a few subjects (War on Drugs, History, Miscellaneous Stuff, etc) and kept the older studies and articles.

The List is divided into three main parts, news articles, studies and a mini-dictionary. The NEWS section is a good place for folks to start their education about cannabis. These articles provide first-person stories and information about recent studies in a condensed form. It still has almost all of the subjects that it had before, but is now more-or-less links to the more recent news articles.

Besides articles on a wide range of ailments, you will find recipes for “edibles” (there’s even more in the STUDIES section), a few old cannabis songs, a bunch of cannabis history, information on growing and much more. Besides hundreds of articles from newspapers, this section will also introduce you to several cannabis-friendly sites that provide information about cannabis. Some sites are more medical in their outlook, others cater more to recreational users and a few focus on legalization, or the business of cannabis – there’s a little something for everyone.

Likewise, the STUDIES section has been trimmed back to a more manageable size. Even with the “Covid slowdown” that hit research (and just about everything else), studies are still coming out at a record rate. Although I would like to have just full studies for you, I have included many of the more interesting short abstracts since many libraries and colleges have free access to the “pay-walled” studies. Also, some abstracts become full studies after an initial “embargo” period.

During the last few years, numerous studies on the effects of cannabinoids on Covid and the cytokines have been published. Once neglected, CBD is now rivaling THC in the number of studies and the acidic cannabinoids are finally being explored.  There is so much more to cannabis than “merely” getting high. If you read an article about a study that sounds interesting, don’t be afraid to look for more information in the studies section. Your success at reading and understanding studies is often just a matter of learning a few new words. So in this last little section, you’ll find a mini-dictionary that has plain language definitions for a lot of those unfamiliar words to help you along your path of learning more about cannabis.

I hope all of you will share The List with your friends. Our best tool for full legalization is medical knowledge. Once the medical facts about cannabis become known, the need for full legalization becomes obvious! Most of us realize that our government has lied to us about cannabis for over 85 years. But did you know that while arresting thousands of people for cannabis use, our government has been quietly running a decades-old federal medical marijuana program?

Every single month since the mid-1970s, our government, by way of the “Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program”, has mailed out metal tins stuffed with 300 “marihuana cigarettes” to be used for medical purposes by certain US citizens. The program was quickly limited to a small number of very ill patients. Elvy Musikka, one of the last two surviving patients, recently quit the program due to the very poor quality of the government’s cannabis, leaving just one patient.

But until that last patient dies, our government is running a federally legal medical marijuana program, and all the while, denying that cannabis has medical uses and is dangerous enough to belong on Schedule 1, the most restrictive level! But with 37 states with some form of medical use, and 21 with recreational, it is clear that our government cannot maintain the Schedule 1 designation and the war on cannabis for much longer. It is time for that to change. Cannabis needs to be de-scheduled like all other even half-way safe herbal medicines! Each of us needs to share the truth about cannabis and how it can heal. And like my late grandfather once said – “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

With love to all of you,


Cannabis sativa L.¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸.•´*¨`*•★¸

September, 2021

It’s the beginning of September- rather late for me to send out a new List, but I’ve finally got it whipped into shape. So far, 2021 isn’t much better than 2020! In northern California, the weather has been miserably hot, the air is smoky and no real cooling is expected until fall. A lightning-caused fire even forced us to evacuate for the better part of a week.

Fortunately, we were (somewhat) prepared to evacuate. A dear friend was able to put us up at her home, so the company was good. However, we spent those days wondering if we would have a home to come home to. The fire came to less than a mile from where we live, but missed our little neighborhood completely. Many others were not as lucky.

New studies related to Cannabis and the Endocannabinoid System are coming out at an ever-increasing pace. The News Articles from 2010 to 2021 is for those unfamiliar with Cannabis, or just want a condensed version of the studies, as they can provide information in a short and easy to read form.

The Mini-Dictionary has plain language definitions for some of those puzzling scientific terms. The Pre-2000 mix of studies and news, a few of the articles date clear back to the 1800s, are (usually) easier to read and often deal with the basic questions about Cannabis use (how long to hold a “hit”, does Cannabis “go bad”, etc).

Please feel free to share my List with your friends- they deserve to discover the truth about this amazing herb. For decades, our governments have lied to us shamelessly about Cannabis. It’s time for us to spread the truth. And like my Grandfather once said, “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

Take good care,

Granny Storm Crow



March, 2020

First of all, I want to thank all of you who sent condolences after my husband’s passing in January 2019. Your messages of love were like stars of light in a very dark time. They helped me find my way back to ‘being me’ after being overwhelmed with grief. I’ve had some sweet little emotional highs recently, like making an old-fashioned ‘Sun Bonnet Sue’ quilt for my friend’s beautiful baby girl. But I must admit that the latest ‘high’ was wonderfully and absolutely mind-blowing for me!

I’m in ‘High Times’ magazine! ‘Higher Profile: Granny Storm Crow, Grass Roots Advocate’ 

The author, Sharon Letts, and I had met briefly, years ago. We recently reconnected via email, “hit it off” again, and the article happened. I thought she’d end up posting it up in her blog, or some small local publication, but when I opened the link, there was that little red and white ‘HIGH TIMES” logo! WOW! Anyway, between quilting and “life, the universe and everything”, once again, I got started late on checking the thousands of links in my List. I was able to properly edit “only” a little over 2,000 pages- the current studies section, plus the repeats of those studies that are in other sections.

You’ll know which ones have been checked- they now show the names of countries after the study’s title. Most new studies now list the institutes that the scientists are affiliated with, so I’ve added their countries. It’s not all Israel, Canada and the US doing the majority of studies any more. There are some surprising “new players” in the world of cannabinoid research, Brazil is one example. When possible, I am also including links to the studies in other languages.

But I want you to see what I see – that whether as a medicine, an industrial crop, a promising food source, or a safer ‘intoxicant’ – all the nations that legally can, are researching Cannabis. Endocannabinoid System research is basically found world-wide, since all humans and higher animals have an Endocannabinoid System. I find it hopeful that scientists, whose countries may be old enemies, or new political rivals, can be ‘adult’ enough to put aside their differences sufficiently to create coherent, scientific documents that benefit their various countries, and the scientific world as a whole.

Meanwhile, far too many of our politicians can’t agree on even ‘common sense’ matters! Throughout 2019, various polls noted that about two-thirds of the American public wants Cannabis legalized. Are our politicians listening? And that’s all I’m saying about politics, except, “PLEASE VOTE WISELY!” Back to the List- you may note that some of the abstracts now have two URL’s. Not all abstracts are created equal. More information is a good thing, so, two sources. And speaking of information, the List is meant to be shared, so share it with your friends (and maybe your doctor?). I have tried to provide all of you with the medical, sociological, and historical sources you will need to learn more about Cannabis and how the cannabinoids affect us.

One word of caution, are all the studies in my List ‘pro-Cannabis’? The answer is no. Nothing in this world is 100% safe, or good and there are some situations when Cannabis should be avoided and you should know about them. Yet, that is no excuse for decades of lies and harsh punishments for Cannabis use that our governments have inflicted upon us. It’s 2020, time to see our way to legalization and sharing the truth about Cannabis. And like my grandfather once said, “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

A little very stoned musing – Is Cannabis “the Tree of Life, for the healing of nations?” Will medical patients, ‘stoners’, scientists and researchers be the ones to start the dialogs we need to keep our world’s ecology from falling apart? Could Cannabis research become a friendly ‘space race’ with a more cooperative goal of healing the earth and its people?

Granny Storm Crow



September 2019
It’s been over a year since I wrote to all of you. In answer to your emails asking, “What happened to the January 2019 “Granny Storm Crow’s List”? To put it at its simplest, this has been a very rough year for me. Last fall, my disabled husband’s health took a huge turn for the worse. His heart was failing. Much of my fall and winter was spent taking him to and from doctors, the ER, or worse, to the hospital. His last hospital stay was a two week long nightmare. His care was less than what he would have gotten at home. I finally got him out of there and back home.

Toward the end of January, one day after our 51st wedding anniversary, he passed away at home, while holding my hand. My brain felt “paralyzed” and I just could not do anything. My closest friends and family all told me to just take care of myself- the world would survive without a January List. I took their good advice. Eventually, the numbing brain-fog began to wear off a little, but reading and sorting medical studies was still out of the question. So instead, I dove into the dull, mindless work of checking the links, one by one. It needed doing, and it gave me time to heal.

To most folks, the List appears as this huge, unchanging monolith of information, but it is constantly changing. Abstracts become full studies (and vice versa) changing their URL’s, there was that switch from http to https that made many links invalid, older links got deleted or archived, and I even had a whole site just vanish, so I had to find duplicates at other sites. By the time I had finished checking all the links, I had a huge backlog of new studies to deal with. I am still not quite caught up, but I am a full month past my usual deadline for the summer List, so ready or not, here it is!

As usual, I divided up the List into sections, my “beautiful monster” has grown to over 6,000 pages of links on just about everything related to Cannabis. It’s quite a change from the original 60 pages I shared on my 60th birthday! The news articles is a good place to start your Cannabis education. Most of us “old timers” had to learn about Cannabis bit by bit from scattered sources. The news articles give a short, understandable summary of medical studies and their findings. Interestingly, news articles often contain details the “official” abstract may not, so are worth reading.

The new studies from 2015 to mid-August 2019 is the biggest section simply because new studies are coming out at an amazing rate. For students, medical professionals and patients, this can be the most useful section. Besides hundreds of recent medical studies, this section also contains a large “Cultivation” section with articles on Cannabis growing dating back as far as 1789, hundreds of recipes in “Methods of Use”, and the “History” of Cannabis, both ancient and modern, is explored.

There is a section dedicated to the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) – endocannabinoids, their receptors and related enzymes. The information on “Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency” and “Omega-3” is quite thought-provoking. In my opinion, the study of the ECS, and its genetics, is the future of medicine … but I may be a bit biased. The next section begins with the “Phytocannabinoids”, THC, CBD and all their friends and relatives. Because of our illogical ban on actual Cannabis research, this section is far too thin. I expect this to change soon. Canada, Israel, Mexico and other “medically legal” countries will be doing more Cannabis research, while the US is falling behind.

Then we jump to the synthetic cannabinoids, the “Spice/K-2” drugs. In the lab, these are used to study the functions of a single type of receptor. The illegal “Spice” street drugs are usually made in countries where quality control is “optional”. And unlike natural Cannabis, these synthetic drugs have killed. Avoid them like the plague they are! The last section contains the “older” studies from 2014 on back. Don’t ignore these just because they are a bit older. There is a lot of good info in them! The “ancient” studies can answer can some of those basic questions like, “Does Cannabis go bad?” or “How long should you hold your hit?”, and you’ll even find a few “Reefer Madness” articles thrown in there for your amusement, or horror.

On a final note, I find that I am still not quite back, either intellectually or emotionally, to where I should be, but I am healing. Keeping busy is the best medicine for me and my List keeps spreading the truth about Cannabis and how it can heal. And as my late grandfather once said, “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

Granny Storm Crow


January 2018
Well, we are still waiting for Trump to make good on his words- “Marijuana is such a big thing. I think medical should happen — right? Don’t we agree? I think so. And then I really believe we should leave it up to the states”.* Was that just another meaningless “campaign promise”? 

When will our federal government bow to reality and the will of the people, and de-schedule cannabis? An effective herbal medicine that is safer to use than common aspirin has no business being a Schedule I drug! And we all know cannabis is a far safer intoxicant to use than alcohol. 

Just why are medicines that can cause “suicidal thoughts or actions” perfectly fine to prescribe, while a simple herb that lifts your mood is strictly forbidden by federal law? Why are synthetic forms of THC (Marinol, Syndros, and Cesamet) considered as legitimate medicines that can be prescribed, yet THC, when extracted from a plant, is Schedule I – having no medical uses? 

Our government’s Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program has been in existence since the mid-1970’s. Every single month, the aging patients in the program have received 300 pre-rolled, government-issued “marijuana cigarettes” to be used for medical purposes. If cannabis has no medical uses, why has our government continued to provide medical marijuana for those patients for decades?

Over at PubMed (a .gov site), studies detailing the varied medical uses of cannabis and the cannabinoids are being published at an increasingly rapid rate. Yet our government stubbornly clings to its out-dated claims that cannabis has NO medical uses. 

This List of studies and news articles is my protest to our government’s prohibition of all forms of cannabis. It is my hope that you will share my List and its information with others. Once the facts about cannabis become known, the need for full federal legalization becomes obvious! 

In 1938, hemp was called “The Billion Dollar Crop”.** To put that into perspective, in 1938 you could get a brand new luxury car, a Chrysler Royal Brougham, for all of $975. So how much do you think the industrial hemp market would be worth today? And that amount is bolstered by the many new and remarkable uses for hemp that have been created during the last 80 years.

The government’s deliberate ignorance and outright lies about this useful, healing plant must end! For 80 years, our government has waged a futile and expensive war not only against this plant, but against its own people. The cruel fiction of “Schedule I” must give way to the facts – cannabis IS medicine and hemp is a multi-billion dollar crop just waiting to happen. And as my late grandfather once said, “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

Granny Storm Crow

*The Donald Trump Quote You Didn’t Hear…

** New Billion Dollar Crop


July 2017

Well, Obama is history, and gone with him any hope of a last-minute legalization. With the new president, all we can do is wait and see what happens. There may be some hope for legal medical use with Trump. “Marijuana is such a big thing. I think medical should happen — right? Don’t we agree? I think so. And then I really believe we should leave it up to the states”*. I’m just sitting here looking at my 5 little clones on the window sill, hoping that legalization actually will be left up to the states, so everyone can share the freedom that I have. As of today, over half of the states (28) have legalized some form of medical use, while 8 states, and interestingly, Washington DC, have legalized both medical and adult recreational use. Eventually, our federal government must bow to reality, and the will of the people, and deschedule Cannabis. If it does not, it will be guilty of ignoring the voice of a clear majority of its citizens, as well as the medical facts. So just how “free” are we, when the government can decree that we are not permitted to grow a safe and effective medicinal herb in our own backyards and homes?

The laws prohibiting Cannabis are certainly not due to any concerns over “public safety”, since we are perfectly free to grow ornamental plants that can kill, such as oleander, foxglove and castor bean plants. Whether you approve of our new president and his actions, or not, becoming more politically, socially, and environmentally conscious, and more active on a local level, seems an appropriate reaction to his presidency. Reach out to others of a like mind. Without my friends helping me, this List would reach far fewer of you (hugs to “Old Hippie of the “Beyond Chronic” blog for much-needed technical assistance, and Anne Marie for creating the Facebook page). From getting that annoying pothole fixed, to ending human trafficking, there are more than enough things on this earth that need fixing. Find your “good cause” and help heal the world.

Making it easy for you to learn more about Cannabis is my goal. And don’t let the size of my List frighten you – it’s really quite easy to use. Everything has been sorted into categories to make it easier for you. Just start with the news articles, then move on to the studies as you learn more. The List is here as a gateway to your education about Cannabis, not an endpoint. Because of the irrational prohibition of Cannabis, we are only beginning to understand the potential of this pleasant, healing herb. Already, our fascination with Cannabis and its “high” has led to a completely new, major branch of medical science, the study of the Endocannabinoid System. Science is all about the facts. Our drug laws should be based on science, not racism, politics, religion, or personal bias. For 80 years, the truth about Cannabis has been suppressed and ignored. And as my grandfather once said, “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

Granny Storm Crow

*The Donald Trump Quote You Didn’t Hear… Leaving Marijuana to States a Boon for Investors


July, 2016

In the news today, the DEA has loosened up their restrictions on Cannabis research slightly, while keeping it as a tightly controlled Schedule 1 drug – having no currently accepted medical use in the United States, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a high potential for abuse.

Meanwhile, here in the real world, over 33 million American citizens (1 in every 8 adults) admit to currently using Cannabis. Several polls show about 55% of voters support full legalization of Cannabis, with an overwhelming 89% calling for medical legalization. A recent video shows the President’s eldest daughter sneaking a quick puff on a joint – just like countless numbers of ordinary high school graduates have done at concerts since the 1960’s. At least five more states will vote on legal recreational use this November.

Illegal or not, Cannabis use is a part of our American culture. We now have 25 states and Washington DC that accept medical Cannabis. Another 16 states have “CBD only” laws. That makes 41 states that have recognized that Cannabis and its individual phytocannabinoids do have medical uses. This fall, the public will vote to add even more states to that total. Yet the DEA insists that having 41 states recognizing the medical use of Cannabis does not constitute “accepted medical use in the United States”!

Malia Obama has had her puff and will face no serious consequences from it (beyond what her parents will do to her). She will still attend Harvard as planned, but that is not the case for many other students! Our government “robs” thousands of our young adults of a brighter future by denying them student loans and grants, because they, like the President’s daughter, had a puff and got caught at it. How many bright young minds have we lost to this destructive policy?

The United States continues to hold the shameful distinction of having the largest percentage of its citizens in prisons and jails. With the DEA clinging to this irrational classification of Cannabis, over 33 million otherwise law-abiding American adults remain criminals! In 2010, Harvard economist, Jeffrey Miron, did a study that indicated our government would save over $20 billion each year with Cannabis legalization. Confirming these monetary benefits, Colorado is experiencing an astonishing financial boom with full legalization.

The original 1937 laws against “marihuana” were based on racism, corporate greed and an attempt to maintain the political/economic status quo. And today? Minorities are still arrested at far higher rates than whites. Equal opportunities for education are denied. Lobbyists protect profits by continuing to “donate” large sums to politicians. Needlessly restrictive and complex laws are passed, in spite of numerous studies citing the safety and effectiveness of Cannabis. Cannabis prohibition is a failed, highly destructive social experiment that needs to end. So how do we end it? It’s simple. All you really need to do is spread the truth about this healing herb. And as my grandfather once said, long ago – “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”



January, 2016

It’s a cold, foggy day here in northern California, and here I am again, sitting at my computer, figuring out what to say to all of you. Most of the time, the words I need come so easily to me, but not today! I’ve got a good case of writer’s block, but there are a few things I know I need to mention. Lately, Cannabis has become a very hot topic, both in the news and the world of science. It is getting harder to keep up with all of the new information. Yet, it’s still joy-filled work for me and I get to learn so much. I don’t see me stopping doing this.

One major change in the List, all of the recent news articles are now separate from the studies. Between all the news articles and studies, the 2010-2016 “Conditions” section was just getting too darn big – over 1,600 pages of links! I think being able to read the information as news will speed learning for the beginners. And those of you who are “into” the studies, you won’t have to wade through all those news articles to “get to the meat”.

I am hoping that all of you are registered to vote [US]- several states have either medical, or full legalization coming up later this year. Be sure that personal growing is allowed – otherwise you will be just trading one drug lord for another! The growing and personal use of medicinal herbs should not be a crime! With legalization comes responsibility. If you grow outdoors near others, try to pick strains with a more pleasant odor such as “Agent Orange”, “C-99”, “Grape Ape” or any good “Lemony” strain. Your home-grown doesn’t need to smell like a road-kill skunk to be good! And consider using a herbal vaporizer if your smoke may drift to another’s home. Vaping is healthier than smoking and easier on your lungs (See “Methods of Use – Vaporizers” in the “Conditions” section). We need to respect those who choose not to use Cannabis, and should ask for only the same level of courtesy in return.



My Goodness! How my List has grown over the last few months! And there have been some rather unexpected new “branchings” in the List recently. Acetaminophen, black tea, flax, echinacea, and magnolias? How did they manage to sneak into my list on cannabis, cannabinoids, and the endocannabinoid system?

The answer is simple, the plants all contain compounds that interact with receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Science has discovered that cannabinoids are, indeed, made by other plants. So far, none of them cause the same dramatic psychoactive CB1 receptor reaction (the high) as THC. They seem to be mostly limited to the CB2 receptors (no high, just healing).

Acetaminophen, on the other hand, is transformed by your body into a compound called AM-404, which blocks the break-down of anandamide, your body’s own version of THC. Just like THC, anandamide makes you “feel good” and decreases pain. Blocking the breakdown of the fragile anandamide by AM-404 results in more anandamide being in your body, relieving your pain. The acetaminophen, itself, does nothing to relieve your pain!

As much as I would like it to be, cannabis is not 100% safe – nothing is! There is something you need to understand about the endocannabinoid system – it is a system of checks and balances. The amounts of endocannabinoids vary according to the body’s needs. As an example, during a woman’s ovulation, her anandamide levels spike, then drop drastically for the implantation of the egg. THC during ovulation would have little effect, but just days later, THC might interfere with implantation. Women trying to get pregnant should avoid cannabis.

Teens under the age of 16 should not be using cannabis unless there is a medical reason. The adolescent brain undergoes a “rewiring job” and the endocannabinoid system is right in the middle of things. The fear is that THC will cause “misconnections” resulting in subtle personality changes or neurosis. Like alcohol, cannabis should normally be reserved for adults.

Likewise, cancer is not just one disease, which is why one treatment does not work on all types of cancer. Most cancers appear to be slowed by THC, but there are a few rare exceptions. When exposed to THC or similar synthetics, A549 lung cancer cells start reproducing, while exposure to CBD slows them down*. The usual “high THC” RSO could be a disaster for a small minority of cancer patients. We need more research, but that can’t happen without legalization!

Our government [United States] has lied to us about the effects of cannabis for over seven decades. They have blocked virtually all research into cannabis and how it heals. They have ranked a never fatal herbal medicine with the most deadly kinds of drugs, against all scientific evidence! Yet, somehow, that inconvenient truth keeps coming out – cannabis heals! It is time that we, as a nation, demand that the truth be openly acknowledged and research into this amazing plant begun! As my Grandfather said, “If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong”.

*Critical appraisal of the potential use of cannabinoids in cancer management (full–2013)

Cannabis sativa L.

North American English (for the most part) is used across this site, thank you.